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Quantitative Comparison of Generative Shape Models for Medical Images

Hristina Uzunova; Paul Kaftan; Matthias Wilms; Nils D. Forkert; Heinz Handels; Jan Ehrhardt
In: Thomas Tolxdorff; Thomas M. Deserno; Heinz Handels; Andreas Maier; Klaus H. Maier-Hein; Christoph Palm (Hrsg.). Bildverarbeitung für die Medizin 2020. Workshop Bildverarbeitung für die Medizin (BVM-2020), March 15-17, Berlin, Germany, Pages 201-207, ISBN 978-3-658-29267-6, Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2020.


Generative shape models play an important role in medical image analysis. Conventional methods like PCA-based statistical shape models (SSMs) and their various extensions have shown great success modeling natural shape variations in medical images, despite their limitations. Corresponding deep learning-based methods like (variational) autoencoders are well known to overcome many of those limitations. In this work, we compare two conventional and two deep learning-based generative shape modeling approaches to shed light on their limitations and advantages. Experiments on a publicly available 2D chest X-ray data set show that the deep learning methods achieve better specificity and generalization abilities for large training set sizes. However, for smaller training sets, the conventional SSMs are more robust and their latent space is more compact and easier to interpret.