Toward Semi-Supervised Graphical Object Detection in Document Images

Goutham Kallempudi; Khurram Azeem Hashmi; Alain Pagani; Marcus Liwicki; Didier Stricker; Muhammad Zeshan Afzal

In: Future Internet (MDPI), Vol. 14, No. 6, Pages 176-198, MDPI, Switzerland, 6/2022.


The graphical page object detection classifies and localizes objects such as Tables and Figures in a document. As deep learning techniques for object detection become increasingly successful, many supervised deep neural network-based methods have been introduced to recognize graphical objects in documents. However, these models necessitate a substantial amount of labeled data for the training process. This paper presents an end-to-end semi-supervised framework for graphical object detection in scanned document images to address this limitation. Our method is based on a recently proposed Soft Teacher mechanism that examines the effects of small percentage-labeled data on the classification and localization of graphical objects. On both the PubLayNet and the IIIT-AR-13K datasets, the proposed approach outperforms the supervised models by a significant margin in all labeling ratios (1%, 5%, and 10%). Furthermore, the 10% PubLayNet Soft Teacher model improves the average precision of Table, Figure, and List by +5.4,+1.2, and +3.2 points, respectively, with a similar total mAP as the Faster-RCNN baseline. Moreover, our model trained on 10% of IIIT-AR-13K labeled data beats the previous fully supervised method +4.5 points.


Weitere Links

futureinternet-14-00176.pdf (pdf, 4 MB )

German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence
Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz