Using DCT Features for Printing Technique and Copy Detection

Christian Schulze, Marco Schreyer, Armin Stahl, Thomas Breuel

In: Gilbert Peterson, Sujeet Shenoi (Hrsg.). Advances in Digital Forensics V. Seiten 95-106 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology 306 ISBN 978-3-642-04154-9 Springer Boston 2009.


The ability to discriminate between original documents and their photocopies poses a problem when conducting automated forensic examinations of large numbers of confiscated documents. This paper describes a novel frequency domain approach for printing technique and copy detection of scanned document images. Tests using a dataset consisting of 49 laser-printed, 14 inkjet-printed and 46 photocopied documents demonstrate that the approach outperforms existing spatial domain methods for image resolutions exceeding 200 dpi. An increase in classification accuracy of approximately 5% is achieved for low scan resolutions of 300 dpi and 400 dpi. In addition, the approach has the advantage of increased processing speed.

Weitere Links

Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz
German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence