Semiotic-based Ontology Evaluation Tool S-OntoEval

Renata Dividino, Massimo Romanelli, Daniel Sonntag

In: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation. International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC-08) 6th May 28-30 Marrakech Morocco ELRA 2008.


The objective of the Semiotic-based Ontology Evaluation Tool (S-OntoEval) is to evaluate and propose improvements to a given ontological model. The evaluation aims at assessing the quality of the ontology by drawing upon semiotic theory (Stamper et al., 2000), taking several metrics into consideration for assessing the syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic aspects of ontology quality. We consider an ontology to be a semiotic object and we identify three main types of semiotic ontology evaluation levels: the structural level, assessing the ontology syntax and formal semantics; the functional level, assessing the ontology cognitive semantics and; the usability-related level, assessing the ontology pragmatics. The Ontology Evaluation Tool implements metrics for each semiotic ontology level: on the structural level by making use of reasoner such as the RACER System (Haarselv and Möller, 2001) and Pellet (Parsia and Sirin, 2004) to check the logical consistency of our ontological model (TBoxes and ABoxes) and graph-theory measures such as Depth; on the functional level by making use of a task-based evaluation approach which measures the quality of the ontology based on the adequacy of the ontological model for a specific task; and on the usability-profiling level by applying a quantitative analysis of the amount of annotation. Other metrics can be easily integrated and added to the respective evaluation level. In this work, the Ontology Evaluation Tool is used to test and evaluate the SWIntO Ontology of the SmartWeb project.


SOntoEval.pdf (pdf, 451 KB ) SOntoEvalposter.pdf (pdf, 907 KB )

Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz
German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence